The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently released a revised NIH Grants Policy Statement (NIHGPS, rev. October 2018). The NIHGPS makes available in a single document the policy requirements that serve as the terms and conditions of NIH grant awards. The October 2018 revision is applicable to all NIH grants and cooperative agreements with budget periods beginning on or after October 1, 2018. Previous versions of the NIHGPS remain applicable as a standard term and condition for all NIH grants and cooperative agreements with budget periods that began prior to October 1, 2018.